The principles of effective team and project management are formed over five different phases. Each phase has its own added value in the overall project management process. Take a closer look at the five phases of the reflective cycle of effective project management.
Caproni (2005) calls this the ‘team life cycle’. In fact it shows a strong resemblance to the personal learning cycle. Going through the team life cycle effectively indeed requires a learning process form unaware competency to aware competencies. However, the responsibility for this learning cycle is now in the hands of the whole group.
In the forming stage, there is a group, but not a team;
In the storming phase issues of control are being settled through discussion and dissent - the team starts to develop;
In the norming stage individual relationships and norms are being established – consolidating the team;
In the performing stages the team reaches maturity and becomes self-directed or self-actualising - the group has become an effective team;
In the adjourning stage with successful teams the project has been accomplished (or the team has failed) - the team can be disbanded (the so called mourning team) or rejuvenated for a new assignment.
Each of these stages create specific challenges to the group and the individual group members. Effective teams, thus, “promote the personal growth needs and well-being of team members’ (Caproni, 2005: 343).
Skill Sheets project and team management
The eight Skill Sheets about Team and project management address real-life, practical questions and problems that you may face in your academic career. Each Skill Sheet provides you with advice and guidance on a specific area and gives you tips to improve your team and project management skills.
This table tells you which Skill Sheet to go to for a specific area.